Tips for breastfeeding
It's often said that breastfeeding is much easier than formula-feeding - no equipment to sterilise, no rocking a screaming baby while you wait for a bottle to heat up. But breastfeeding, like everything else, must initially be learned, and the first few days can be difficult, even for mums who have previously given birth and successfully breastfed. Ensuring you have plenty of support is vital, as is taking the time to observe your baby's feeding cues, and making sure your positioning is optimal. Frances McInnes of Breastmates offers advice to help you establish successful breastfeeding.
1. Stay calm, as your baby may be able to pick up on your anxiety. If you start to feel uptight or wound-up, take a break for a few minutes, and then try again.
2. Don't place high expectations on yourself. It can take a while before your milk flows, before your baby gets the hang of latching on, and before you get things sorted.
3. While you are still in the hospital or maternity ward, make sure the nurse, midwife, or hospital lactation consultant helps you to latch your baby every time you feed. Don't be shy about ringing your buzzer to call someone!
4. Breastfeeding does hurt to start with. As your baby draws your nipple into his or her mouth, it can be a painful, tearful experience. The pain should stop about 30 seconds or so after your baby is latched on. It may be like this for the first three or four days with a newborn. If the problem persists, seek help from your midwife, Plunket nurse, doctor, or a lactation consultant.
5. The key to successful breastfeeding is making sure your baby has the correct latch. Put your baby on your breast when his or her mouth is open wide and full. Pull your baby's head right to your breast; don't drop your nipple down to your baby, as you will get sore shoulders and a sore back.
6. When your baby is latched on correctly, his or her lips will be covering your breast in a "K" shape that looks like the K on Kellogg's Special K cereal.
7. Always use lots of nipple cream after every feed. This is really important when you are first starting to breastfeed, so make sure to include nipple cream when packing your hospital bag.
8. If your baby has an incorrect latch or if he or she is not suckling properly, it is very easy to get cracked, grazed, and very sore nipples. Use nipple cream to help heal damaged nipples, and if your baby is not latched comfortably on you, break the seal of their lips by using your finger, and start again.
9. If you are getting a sore neck, shoulders, or back, it could be due to the weight of supporting your baby in your arms while breastfeeding. You could invest in a special breastfeeding pillow that can ease the pressure on you, or try some cushions or pillows from your bed to raise your baby up.
10. It can take a while before you get coordinated enough to breastfeed discreetly. Initially, it will be easier if you have an open-front top and a maternity bra. Then you can open the nursing bra cup to feed your baby.
11. Be prepared with breast pads. Some mothers have a fast flow and quick letdown, and leak a lot. Some mothers don't leak at all. You could try some disposable breast pads, or, to save some money, have a look at reusable breast pads.
12. Be prepared for the time it takes to breastfeed. Your baby is relying on you for all of his or her nutrition. Some babies will take 20 minutes or longer to feed at your breast, and you will have to do this regularly throughout the day. Most newborn babies feed three to four hourly to start with.
13. Get plenty of rest. The more rested and relaxed you are, the easier it will be for your body to replenish your milk supply. The old adage "Sleep when you baby sleeps" is completely true! Especially in those early days, when your baby sleeps quite a bit, it's important to lay down for a nap and recharge your batteries.
14. Drink plenty of water. Have a glass of water after every breastfeed. Eat well, and ensure meals and snacks are protein-rich.
15. If you have another child, pack a lunch box, a drink bottle, and a special activity box (stickers, colouring-in, crayons, etc) for them first thing in the morning. Keep this at a level that the child can reach. Bring this out when you are breastfeeding your baby to amuse the older child while you are breastfeeding.
16. Once you get through the first two weeks or so, breastfeeding should be an enjoyable experience for you. It is the cheapest and quickest way to feed a baby.
17. If your partner is at home with you, get them to fix you a small snack and a drink while you are feeding your baby. It is your job to feed your baby, and your partner's job is to look after you.
18. If you are still struggling with breastfeeding after the first two weeks or so, ask your midwife to refer you to a lactation consultant for some individual advice and support. And if it all seems a little overwhelming at times, trust that things will get easier as you and your baby get the hang of it.
19. Expressing breastmilk with a breast pump can be a good way to share the feeding with your partner. If you want to do this, it is a good idea to express milk for him to use at the 11pm feed. Then you can get to bed early (and make sure you do go to bed - resist the temptation to tidy the house or put the washing on!).
Frances McInnes is mum to two boys, and runs the Breastmates (www.breastmates.co.nz) specialty breastfeeding store, providing resources and support to help New Zealand women establish and maintain successful breastfeeding.
AS FEATURED IN ISSUE 8 OF OHbaby! MAGAZINE. CHECK OUT OTHER ARTICLES IN THIS ISSUE BELOW